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What is the difference between a variable rate and fixed rate plan?

July 13, 2016
by admin

Electricity plays a crucial role in our daily lives, and selecting an appropriate electricity plan is an important decision. Two common types of plans available to consumers are variable rate and fixed rate electricity plans. Understanding the difference between these plans is crucial for making an informed decision. We will explore the characteristics, benefits, drawbacks, and suitability of variable rate and fixed rate electricity plans, enabling consumers to choose the most suitable option for their energy needs.

Variable Rate Electricity Plans

A variable rate electricity plan, as the name suggests, features a pricing structure that fluctuates over time. The price per unit of electricity varies depending on factors such as market conditions, supply and demand, fuel costs, and other external influences. Here are some key characteristics of variable rate electricity plans:

  1. Flexibility: Variable rate plans provide consumers with flexibility as the prices can change periodically, typically on a monthly basis. This means that the price consumers pay for electricity can increase or decrease each month, depending on market conditions. This plan suits individuals who prefer adapting to market changes and are comfortable with the associated price fluctuations.
  2. Market Dependency: Variable rate plans are directly influenced by the wholesale electricity market, making them subject to volatility. During periods of high demand or fuel price spikes, the cost per unit of electricity may rise significantly, leading to higher bills for consumers. However, when market conditions improve, consumers may benefit from lower prices.
  3. No Contractual Obligations: Variable rate plans often do not require long-term contractual agreements. This allows customers to switch to a different electricity provider or plan without penalties or termination fees. Consequently, consumers have the freedom to explore other options if they find a more suitable plan or provider.
  4. Potential for Savings: In some cases, variable rate plans can result in savings when electricity prices are lower due to favorable market conditions. However, it is important to carefully monitor and evaluate market trends to take advantage of such opportunities.

Fixed Rate Electricity Plans

Fixed rate electricity plans offer stability and predictability in terms of pricing. These plans lock in a specific rate per unit of electricity for a predetermined period, typically ranging from 6 months to several years. Let’s delve into the characteristics of fixed rate electricity plans:

  1. Price Stability: One of the key advantages of fixed rate plans is the certainty they offer. Regardless of external factors such as market fluctuations, fuel prices, or seasonal changes, the price per unit of electricity remains constant throughout the contract term. This allows consumers to accurately budget their energy expenses and protect themselves from unexpected price hikes.
  2. Contractual Commitment: Fixed rate plans usually require customers to sign a contract, often for a specific term. While this commitment offers price stability, it also means that switching to another provider or plan before the contract’s expiration may result in early termination fees or penalties.
  3. Protection from Market Volatility: Fixed rate plans shield consumers from the impact of market volatility. During periods of high electricity demand or price spikes, customers on fixed rate plans do not experience increased costs. This stability is particularly advantageous for households or businesses with tight budgets or those who prefer consistent billing.
  4. Lack of Flexibility: Fixed rate plans typically lack the flexibility to adapt to declining electricity prices. If market prices drop significantly below the fixed rate, consumers on fixed rate plans may miss out on potential savings. However, this downside can be mitigated by selecting a contract term that aligns with market expectations or opting for plans that allow for early termination without penalties.

Factors to Consider When Choosing

When deciding between a variable rate and a fixed rate electricity plan, several factors should be taken into account:

  • Market Conditions and Predictability: Consider the current and projected market conditions. If prices are expected to remain stable, a fixed rate plan might be a suitable choice. However, if prices are volatile or anticipated to decrease, a variable rate plan may provide potential savings.
  • Personal Budget and Risk Tolerance: Evaluate your financial situation and determine your risk tolerance. If you prefer predictable monthly expenses and want to avoid price fluctuations, a fixed rate plan offers stability. On the other hand, if you are comfortable with market risks and seek the possibility of savings during low-price periods, a variable rate plan might be more suitable.
  • Flexibility and Contract Terms: Consider your need for flexibility. If you value the ability to switch providers or plans frequently without penalties, a variable rate plan provides greater flexibility. However, if you are comfortable with a longer-term commitment and prioritize price stability, a fixed rate plan may better align with your needs.


Variable rate and fixed rate electricity plans offer distinct characteristics and benefits. Variable rate plans provide flexibility and the potential for savings, but are subject to market volatility. Fixed rate plans offer stability and predictability, shielding consumers from price fluctuations but often lack flexibility. The choice between these plans ultimately depends on an individual’s risk tolerance, market awareness, contractual commitment preferences, and budgeting needs. By understanding the differences between variable rate and fixed rate electricity plans, consumers can make an informed decision that aligns with their energy requirements and financial goals.

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